IPM and Productivity


The use of pesticides for pest control is a normal practice in large-scale agriculture. Pesticides allow producers to secure their crops and thus their livelihoods. This is important, not least because working in agriculture leaves farmers vulnerable to a myriad of external factors beyond their control.


Nevertheless, it is proven that excessive or inappropriate use of pesticides has caused severe damage to human health and the environment.

Worldwide, 40% of pesticide use is attributed to herbicides, 17% to insecticides, and 10% to fungicides. However, more than 98% of sprayed pesticides reach a destination other than their target species, becoming pollutants of air, water and soil.

SAN is committed to protecting the health of people and planet, and we work with farmers and businesses to improve prevention and control of pests through the adoption of innovative and effective approaches for pesticide use in agriculture.

How to address this issue

  • Minimizing the need for pesticides by implementing an integrated pest management(IPM) plan that includes prevention of infestation and propagation, monitoring of occurrence and elimination of the pest
  • Giving priority to the use of biological agents, cultural practices and low toxicity substances
  • Increasing the diversity of crops and creating or protecting habitats that support the existence of natural predators for the pests
  • Avoiding of pest-susceptible crops
  • Proper management of pesticides, including safe storage and obligatory use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), as well as use of appropriate bathing facilities
  • Implementation of specific risk mitigation actions when applying pesticides (vegetative barriers, safe parameters for aerial fumigation and spraying, warnings, etc.)
  • In terms of human health, no application of any substance classified as “Highly Hazardous pesticides” by the WHO/FAO Panel of Experts on Pesticide Management. Even though not part of this list, through extensive consultation with stakeholders, SAN has also concluded that Paraquat dichlorideAluminum PhosphideMagnesium Phosphide and Phosphine, should not be used due their risks for human health, water contamination and pollinator populations
  • For bees and other pollinators protection, do not use the neonicotinoids ClothianodinImidaclopridand Thiamethoxam, as well as Phenylpyrazole Fipronil

SAN Support

Thanks to a collaboration of the Oregon State University Integrated Plant Protection Center, SAN is now unique in being able to provide farms and businesses a truly scientific risk assessment process . This process connects 170 individual pesticides to specific risk mitigation practices for the protection of human bystanders, pollinators, vertebrate wildlife and aquatic life.

To help producers and companies to improve practices related to pesticide use that can result in better crops, more stable income and healthier workers and environment, we design customized solutions including Assurance Services such as diagnostics, assessments, definition of indicators, monitoring and evaluation and reporting.

We also provide Capacity Development assistance such as coaching and on the ground training across multiple farm management and IPM related issues. In addition, we can implement Innovation & Change projects to integrate private and public sector groups, and multi-stakeholder dialogues in which we help deliver programs to improve practices related to pesticides’ use at regional and/or multinational levels.